APEK Agriculture Kindia



mardi 1er septembre 2015, par Amadou Rouma BARRY

DOCUMENT FORM - Version 2.2
A. General description of the micro scale project activity
B. Application of an existing or new baseline and monitoring methodology
C. Duration of the project activity and crediting period
D. Stakeholders’ comments
Annex 1 : Contact information on participants in the proposed micro scale project
Annex 2 : Information regarding Public Funding
Annex 3 : Baseline survey and kitchen performance test questionnaires
SECTION A. General description of micro-scale project activity
A.1 Title of the micro-scale project activity :
Title : Improved Cook stoves in Guinea
Version : 1.1
Date : March 2015
A.2. Project participants :
Name of Party
involved (*)
((host) indicates a
host Party)
Private and/or public entity(ies) project
participants (*)
(as applicable)
Kindly indicate if the Party
involved wishes to be
considered as project
participant (Yes/No)
France Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil (BISS)
Private entity (Non-profit association)
France Coopération Atlantique-Guinée 44 (CAG44)
Private entity (Non-profit association)
Guinea APEK-Agriculture
Private entity (Non-governmental Organization)
The project is being implemented in Guinea as a voluntary carbon project. As such, a formal host
country approval is not required. However, the Guinean DNA has been informed of the project and
he is regularly informed of the project evolution.
A.3 Description of the micro-scale project activity :
A.3.1. Location of the micro-scale project activity :
During the first phase of the project (January 2010-January 2012), the project was only taking place
within the Prefecture of Kindia (coloured in green on the map), which is part of the natural region of
Lower Guinea (“Guinée Maritime”), located on the western part of Guinea. The project has then
begun to expand to the entire region of Lower Guinea from 2013.
The micro-scale project activity includes the 2 prefectures of the Region of Kindia : prefectures of
Kindia and Télimélé.
A.3.1.1. Host Country :
Republic of Guinea.
A.3.1.2. Region/State/Province etc. :
Natural region of Lower Guinea (not to confuse with the Administrative Region of Lower Guinea,
which additionally includes the Prefectures of Gaoual and Koundara –covering an area of 7000 km2-
located in the natural region of Mid-Guinea).
This territory covers an area of 36 000 km2.
Prefectures of
Lower Guinea
A.3.1.3. City/Town/Community etc :
The project activity is implemented in all villages and households in the above described target area.
It deals with urban, peri-urban and rural households in the prefectures of Kindia and Télimélé.
A.3.1.4. Details of physical location, including information allowing the unique
identification of this micro-scale project activity :
CAG44 is the implementing organization and will conduct the project from its offices in Kindia,
Quartier Féréfou.
Latitude : 10° 03’ 00" N
Longitude : 12° 52’ 00" W
A.3.2. Description including technology and/or measure of the micro-scale project activity :
Context of the project :
In Guinea, firewood and charcoal meet around 98 % of the households energy needs.
Demographic growth leading to an increasing pressure on the woodlands, deforestation is currently
progressing at the rhythm of 6 800 000 m3/year. According to FAO figures, the Guinean forest area
has decreased by around 10% during the last 20 years1. This situation leads to numerous irreversible
consequences, such as local ecosystems damaging, water cycle derangement or soil erosion.
Women and children are often in charge of wood collection, a truly time-consuming and sometimes
dangerous task which can take up to 15 hours of work per week to meet the needs of one household.
Generally, cooking is then done on open low efficiency hearths. Consuming a high quantity of
firewood and generating a lot of smokes, these open hearths are known to cause in the long run
serious respiratory diseases within exposed groups.
General description of the project :
The purpose of the project is to improve conditions of Guinean households in Kindia Prefecture and
fight against global warming and deforestation promoting the use of an efficient cook stove
(vernacular name : ≪ kolpot fotonkante ≫, which means “the cook stove that helps the forest” in
susu). These improved cook stoves (ICS) are used in substitution of the traditional “3 stones” open
1 FAO, http://www.fao.org/forestry/country/32183/en/gin
Public cooking demonstration comparing the efficiency of an improved
ICS with a 3-stones hearth
Benefits of the ICS for the users are multiples :
> Users save money from the purchase and collection of traditional fuel (firewood)
> Users save time from the collection of firewood and from cooking
> The sanitary conditions of women and children are improved due to less smoke exposure, as smoke
emissions resulting from firewood combustion are proven to cause numerous diseases
> On the environmental aspect, the project helps to reduce consumption of firewood ; it therefore
relieves some of the pressure on the forest resources and can indirectly avoid deforestation and
some of its harmful consequences.
Players implicated in the project :
The project is promoted by a Franco-Guinean consortium constituted of three NGOs :
> ”Bolivia Inti-Sud Soleil” (BISS) is a French NGO working in the field of ecological cooking. Its main
objective is to develop, experiment, exchange and promote renewable energies use in developing
countries. The association work is grounded on two main elements : development of ecological
cooking (especially solar) in the Andes, France and Africa (in total, more than 20 000 stoves spread
throughout the world) ; as well as information diffusion and experience exchange in France. The
activities in Bolivia got registered under the GS process in September 2011 (Project ID : GS813) and
are the stage “listed” in Peru (Project ID : GS814)
> “Coopération Atlantique-Guinée 44” (CAG44) is a French NGO which has been working for the
development of Guinea (and mainly the Prefecture of Kindia) for almost 20 years through
international aid. The main fields of intervention are WASH, agriculture and youth socioeconomic
integration, through programs lead in cooperation with local collectivities and French and Guinean
civil society organizations.
> “Association pour la Promotion Economique de Kindia” (APEK) is a Guinean NGO in the field of
rural development, constituted of rural unions. This organization promotes rural economic
development projects and services and support to farmer groupings.
Operational partners include :
> “Centre de Formation Professionnelle” (CFP) : Kindia professional training center, including among
others a pots and pans section (involved in the project pilot phase).
The diagram above shows the tasks of each party in the project system :
The project is implemented by a local team, mainly constituted of a project manager (CAG44) and
five facilitators and one supervisor (APEK), in charge of ICS promotion covering all Lower Guinea
(one facilitator per area, 5 areas all in all).
To do so, they organize public demonstrations in rural village and urban district, showing in practical
terms the efficiency of the ICS. These public events are also the occasion to increase public
awareness on deforestation. Some of these interventions are recorded and broadcasted on the
Kindia Rural Radio (which is listened in the entire region of Lower Guinea).
A facilitator with women during a public demonstration
Popularizers are women members of rural unions in charge of ICS sale. They are trained by the
project on the use of the ICS and made aware of the importance of forest management. In their
zone, they explain how the ICS works and how to use it, and then receive the equivalent of 20 % of
the ICS price for each one they sell.
Description of the technology
External view of an ICS Traversal section of the ICS
The original technology is the “Rocket Stove”, designed by the Aprovecho Research Center (USA),
with whom BISS has established a technical partnership. This model of ICS is proven to have excellent
overall performance and low pollutant emissions2. Nevertheless, the ICS design was specially adapted
to the local conditions : a field study was lead to adapt its dimensions to the pots used by the
beneficiaries on one hand ; and on the other hand to make the ICS easily workable by the local smiths
and compatible with the material available locally. It resulted in the ≪ kolpot fotonkante ≫, a light
cook stove of simple design ensuring a complete combustion with no visible smoke and only small
amounts of ash.
The ICS are constituted of a bend stovepipe, a grate, a cover equipped with three small blocks, an
outer skin fitted with handles. The ICS serial number is directly engraved on the cover, and all
components are made of iron covered with aluminum paint.
Firewood is introduced in the lower part of the device on a grate that allows air flowing and
preheating inside the stovepipe. Thermal insulation of the combustion chamber located inside the
stovepipe is ensured by ash placed between the stovepipe and the outer skin, associated with an
extra adjustable line. This last piece prevents the wind from dispersing the heat, which is this way
concentrated towards the pot.
Its light weight allows the users to move it easily in function of weather conditions (wind, rain) or
needs (cooking in the fields or at a neighbor’s for example).
2 J.J. Jetter, P. Kariher, Solid Fuel Household Cook Stoves : Characterization of Performance and Emissions,
Washington, D.C. : U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development U.S., Biomass
and Bioenergy 33 (2009) 294–305
Results achieved as of March 2015
Activities Indicators Timeline
1 meeting with representatives of 11 Kindia Women Farmers Unions January 2010
37 comparative cooking workshops held with more than1300 participants
(mainly women)
From 2010 until 1st
semester 2014
1 university conference in Kindia with more 300 students 24/04/2010
1 local stakeholder consultation with more than 100 participants 10/05/2010
1 contract for service provision with the Kindia Rural Radio to broadcast
various types of programs ; 12 radio statements
April-december 2011
and 2013-2014
ICS users training and
114 women ICS users interviewed by the facilitators about their ICS use
and management ; continuous follow-up by the 4 facilitators (APEK)
2010 and 1st semester
2011 ; 2013-2014
5 facilitators recruited, trained and integrated to the APEK team in charge
of rural animation for NRM (Natural Resources Management) awarenessmaking
and ICS promotion
93 "women ambassadors" from 7 Kindia Women Farmers Unions trained
to ecological cooking and sensitized to NRM
135 students of the Kindia PTC are trained on measuring and cutting iron
sheets intended to be assembled into ICS
30 blacksmiths equipped with tools and trained to make ICS
7400 ICS produced of which 3350 sold in the prefectures of Kindia and
10 SMEs (Small and Medium sized Enterprises) specialized in boiler have
been trained and produce ICS in different localities
24 production agreement (various number of devices) have been signed
with these 10 SMEs
34 stores established in Lower Guinea
8 training workshops organized by the "women ambassadors"
Support to Kindia
Region for
decentralization and
local development
Framework agreement with the 10 local governments (1 urban + 9 rural) :
capacity building and local development projects management in the
fields of WASH, Youth, Environment, and intercollectivity
20 years-long experience
ICS promotion and
Natural Ressources
Implementation of an
ICS economic network
From 2010 until 2nd
january 2015
A.3.3 Estimated amount of emission reductions over the chosen crediting period :
Estimation of emission reductions
(T CO2e/year)
2014 6722
2015 9531
2016 10803
2017 10863
2018 10202
2019 10023
2020 10005
2021 10218
2022 10728
2023 10563
Total emission reductions
(T CO2e) 99656
Total number of crediting 10
Annual average over the
crediting period of
estimated reductions (T
CO2e) 9966
A.3.4. Public funding of the micro-scale project activity :
Various organizations have funded the project activity under the VER initiatives, but no public
funding is used in the implementation of the project activity. Also, no public announcement has been
made in the last three years of the project going ahead without carbon revenues keeping in align
with the Gold Standard rules and regulations.
The official Declaration of Non-Use of Official Development Assistance can be found in Annex 2.
SECTION B. Application of an existing baseline and monitoring methodology or of a new
methodology submitted as part of this project activity
B.1. Title and reference of the existing or new baseline and monitoring methodology
applied to the micro-scale project activity :
The project follows “The Gold Standard Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstoves”. This
methodology covers both the baseline and monitoring requirements for such a project.
B.2 Justification of the choice of the methodology and applicability :
“This methodology is applicable to programs or activities introducing technologies and/or practices
that reduce or displace greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the thermal energy consumption of
households and non-domestic premises.
Examples of these technologies include the introduction of improved biomass or fossil fuel cook
The improved cook-stoves spread by the project correspond to this definition.
The project meets the following conditions of the methodology :
1. The project boundary can be clearly identified as the project activity is limited to the stove sales
within Guinea. The stoves counted are not part of any other voluntary or compliance carbon finance
project boundary because there is no similar registered VER-GS or CER-GS project activity in the same
region. As of March 2015, there was no registered VER-GS or CER-GS project in Guinea.
The stoves are uniquely identifiable in the field via an identification number graved on the stoves’
frame. CAG44 only works with dedicated artisans working full or part- time on the project.
2. Each stove has continuous useful energy outputs of less than 150 kW, as outlined in the box
below :
Remark : no water boiling test was done during the project, so an ideal thermal efficiency of 100%
was taken in the calculations to maximize the final energy output, and the daily consumption
measured in urban areas during the Kitchen Test. Still, the result of this calculation is a useful energy
output 200 times lower than the upper limit.
3. The project aims at replacing traditional 3-stones hearths by ICS. Potential fuel consumption due
to parallel use of baseline technology as a backup to ICS is accounted by the kitchen performance
End-users are encouraged by the project to stop the use of the 3-stones hearths, but, as written in
the methodology “The removal and continued non-use of three stone fires and other easily
constructed traditional devices is in many cases unlikely and impractical to monitor”.
4. All end users, who are the default owner of emission reductions, are notified they waive
ownership of ERs upon sale of each stove. This is done via a rights waiver included inside each stove
at point of sale to make the customer aware of them yielding ownership rights over emission
reductions to the consortium implementing the project.
B.3. Description of the project boundary :
Projet Boundary Fuel Collection Area Target Area
Physical geographical
sites of the project
Area within which
woody biomass can
reasonably be
expected to be
produced, collected
and supplied
Regions or towns within a single country,
or across multiple adjacent countries,
where the considered baseline
scenario(s) is/are assessed to be uniform
across political borders. The target area
provides an outer limit to the project
boundary in wich the project has a target
Project activity Prefectures of Kindia Natural Region of Lower Guinea and Télimélé
The following emission sources are included in the project boundary :
B.4. Description of the baseline and its development as per the chosen methodology :
The baseline scenario is defined by typical fuel consumption among the target population prior to
adopting the project technology. The following baseline studies are required for the baseline
scenario :
· Baseline non-renewable biomass (NRB) assessment,
· Baseline survey (BS) of target population characteristics,
· Kitchen Performance Test (KPT) of fuel consumption.
Step 1 : Baseline non-renewable biomass (NRB) assessment
According to the information note written by the CDM executive board, some default values of
fraction of non-renewable biomass have been assessed for Least Developped Countries (LDC) and
small island developing states. Indeed, the designated national authority (DNA) – Mamadou Saliou
Diallo, accepted the 96% default value for the fraction of non-renewable biomass on 26th December
To conclude, Xnrb = 96%.
3 https://cdm.unfccc.int/DNA/fNRB/index.html
Step 2 : Baseline survey
The purpose of the kitchen survey is to define clusters or customer groups with homogenous
emission reduction characteristics, in order to plan kitchen tests which quantify wood reduction
arising from the introduction of an ICS. The baseline survey should be carried out using
representative and random sampling using the minimum sample size of 100 households among the
targeted population.
The baseline survey was led by a team of 6 APEK interviewers between the 12th and the 28th of
January, 2011 in rural and urban households of Kindia Prefecture randomly chosen. In each zone
covered by the survey, the surveyors asked the ambassador for women (without ICS) to survey. All
households were visited, no telephone interviews were conducted.
As required by the methodology, the data collected were the following :
1. User follow-up
a. Name of user
b. Address or location (rural or urban area)
c. Mobile telephone number (when possible)
d. Profession
e. Age
f. Name of the household representative
2. User characteristics
a. Number of people served by baseline technology
b. Typical baseline technology usage tasks (cooking, heating, ...)
3. Baseline technology and fuels
a. For each type of meal cooked : quantity, frequency, time required, baseline technology used,
and quantity of fuel necessary
b. Types of fuels used, estimated quantities and frequency, source (purchased or handcollected),
prices paid, distance from purchasing area, persons usually collecting
For more details, the full questionnaire can be found in Annex 3.
The breakdown of the KSs by area, commune, and district is shown below :
- Kindia : 39 households including
· 24 in rural districts (Comoya (9), Koba Pastoria (5) and Bocaria (10))
· 15 in urban districts (Koliadi (7), Féréfou (4), Manquepas (2), Abattoir (1),
Camp Kele Bourema (1))
- Friguiagbe (rural commune) : 14 households
- Mambia (rural commune) : 12 households
- Molota (rural commune) : 10 households
- Kolenten (rural commune) : 10 households
- Madina Oula (rural commune) : 10 households
- Samaya (rural commune) : 5 households
See map below to locate each rural commune :
Among other results, the survey concluded on a clustering based on the type of geographical area :
rural or urban.
The major trends shown by the study are the following :
· In rural zones, households are slightly wider and consume a higher quantity of wood,
probably due to various reasons :
o they mainly collect the wood (17% of the rural households surveyed only collect
wood, and 33% both collect and buy their wood), contrarily to the urban households
who mainly buy their wood (for 53 % of them, and 33 % both collect and buy their
o They mainly use only wood (82 % of rural households surveyed), whereas the
majority of urban households mainly use a mix of charcoal and wood (for 67% of
· 81 % of surveyed households declared to find it difficult to purchase wood
Unit Rural zone Urban zone
Households using only
82 33
Households using
firewood and charcoal
16 67
Daily wood
kg/day/cap 2,3 1,2
Size of the households pers. 8,07 7,43
The numbers of daily wood consumption presented in the table above are only based on the
declarations of end-users, not on measurements, which will be held on during the Performance Field
Step 3 : Kitchen Performance Field Test
One KT per cluster has been conducted, through a process of paired sampling : in households that
had been using the improved cook-stove for more than 3 months, traditional fuel consumption
(baseline scenario) was compared to their new fuel consumption using the improved cook-stove
(project scenario).
To estimate the size of the samples to be surveyed, the methodology described in Guidelines for
Performance Tests of Energy Saving Devices and Kitchen Performance Tests (KPTs),4 was applied.
COV was estimated with a large security margin from available literature and Baseline Survey data,
and sample size was calculated in order to then verify the 90/30 rule.
4 Dr Adam Harvey and Dr Amber Tomas, recommended by the Gold standard, to be found at
Zone Estimated COV Minimum sample
Initial sample size Households effectively surveyed
Urban 1,2 38 53 35
Rural 1,1 45 52 46
53 households in urban area and 52 in rural area were picked up in the customer database through
simple random sampling. They constituted the “Initial sample” which breakdown is presented in the
tables above (NB : “replaced” means that the household to survey was impossible to find [= “not
found”], so another one from the same area was picked up in the customer database to replace it,
and “added” means that an ICS not planned in the surveys was randomly found during field survey,
and consequently included in the survey).
Zone Planned
Friguiagbe 11 14 9 were found, 2 were replaced and 3 were added
Foulaya 3 3 2 found, 1 replaced
Kinyaya 5 4 1 not found, 1 found and 3 replaced
Molota 1 1 1 replaced
Segueya 1 2 1 added
Condeya 5 4 1 not found
Kabelea 2 1 1 not found
Mambia 7 6 1 was not found
Madina-Oula 13 8 2 not found, and 3 users were travelling during the survey
Kolenten 1 1 Ok
Bokaria 2 2
Komoya 2 0 It was not worth going to these remote areas to survey only
Samaya 1 0 three households
TOTAL 54 46 The real sample size is 15% smaller than planned
Table 1 – Rural kitchen test sample breakdown
Abattoir 4 4 9 were found, 2 were replaced and 3 were added
Cacia 3 1 2 found, 1 replaced
Danbakanyah 2 1 1 not found, 1 found and 3 replaced
Ferefou 6 5 Replaced
Fissa 3 2
Gangan 3 3 1 user of was added
Guarankelaya 0 2 1 not found
Sambaya 2 3
Sarakolea 5 5 1 not found
Yeole 3 1 1 was not found
Tafory 3 1 2 not found, and 3 users were travelling during the survey
Bibane 1 1 It was not worth going to these remote areas to survey only
Dorneya 1 1 three households
Kenende 1 1 The real sample size is 15% smaller than planned
Koliadi 2 2
Table 2 – Urban kitchen test sample breakdown
The survey was led between the 28th of November and the 4th of December, 2011 in urban areas ; and
then between the 16th and the 21st of January, 2012 in rural zones. The team was constituted of 8
APEK interviewers, who were provided with a specific survey manual and mechanical scales to
weight the fuel stock.
A first phase was dedicated to making contact with the households surveyed. Questions included
information on end-user follow-up, agreement to participate to the survey, best time to visit them,
fuel wood weekly consumption and price, and size of the household.
Then, the performance field tests really started : the first 3 days the users were asked to cook without
their improved cook-stoves (as they used to do before they bought their ICS), and the 3 next days
they were asked to cook with their improved cook-stove. Families were strongly asked to cook as
usual, so that the measurements can be assumed to be representative. They were visited each day at
the same time, to measure the consumption of the last 24 hours (weighting the remaining wood
It was decided to provide fuel wood to families as an incentive, otherwise it is likely that they would
not have accepted not to use their improved ICSs during 3 days, as required by the survey.
Wood fuel remaining stock weighting during the Kitchen Performance Test
Statistical analysis and calculations
Both charcoal and firewood were weighted, but finally only wood figures were taken into account,
which is conservative because real savings are made on both types of fuels.
· For urban cluster, 9 out of 39 households were using charcoal, for an average saving of 1,3
kg/hh/day, but the diversity of use schemes between baseline and project scenarios (2
baseline scenarios [charcoal only ; charcoal + wood] and 2 project scenarios [wood only ;
charcoal + wood]) resulted in a high standard deviation (2,0 kg/hh/day). The 4 households
using only charcoal in the baseline were excluded of the calculations.
· For rural cluster, no households were excluded of the analysis because all of them were using
wood in the baseline scenario. 11 out of 45 households were using charcoal as a secondary
fuel in the baseline, for an average saving of 1,0 kg/hh/day, but once more with a higher
standard deviation (1,6 kg/hh/day).
The results are the following :
Rural Urban
Final sample size 44 35
Mean baseline consumption 9,76 kg/day/hh 8,11 kg/day/hh
Mean project consumption 4,98 kg/day/hh 3,78 kg/day/hh
Mean Savings 4,78 kg/day/hh 4,32 kg/day/hh
COV 0,66 0,42
Standard deviation 3,17 2,48
Lower Bound 90% 4,00 kg/day/hh 3,63 kg/day/hh
Higher bound 90 % 5,56 kg/day/hh 5,01 kg/day/hh
For both clusters, results show a mean value which satisfies the 90/30 (confidence/precision) rule
required (i.e. the end-points of the 90% confidence interval lie within +/- 30% of the estimated mean)
in case of paired sample. After excluding of outlier data, the mean daily saving of fuel wood were
found to be respectively 4,78 and 4,32 kg per household. Since 90/30 precision was achieved, the
mean values are used to calculate the mean annual wood saving, calculated as follows :
· 4,32 kg/day x 365 days= 1577 kg/year/household in urban zones
· 4,78 kg/day x 365 days= 1744 kg/year/household in rural zones
B.5. Description of how the anthropogenic emissions of GHG by sources are reduced
below those that would have occurred in the absence of the registered micro-scale project
activity :
The project activity is located in Guinea, which is listed as a Least Developed Country (LDC).
According to the Gold Standard "Micro-scale Scheme Rules” in version 2.2 as of June 2012 (annex T),
this argument is sufficient to prove additionnality.
Carbon revenue for the project was planned from the beginning, as a mean to ensure the activities
stability and permanence on the long term. For the first years, proof of this consideration can be
found in the projected budget of the pilot phase in Annex 4.
B.6 Emission reductions :
B.6.1. Explanation of methodological options or description of new proposed approach :
The project proponent should investigate the following potential sources of leakage.
According to the Gold Standard simplified methodology for efficient cookstoves written in February
2013, leakage related to non-renewable biomass saved by the project activity is not considered in
micro-scales project activities.
B.6.2. Data and parameters that are available at validation :
Data / Parameter :
Data unit :
Description : CO2 emission factor arising from use of wood-fuel
Source of data used : 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Tables
1.2 and 1.4
Value applied : 1,747
( = 112.0 [TCO2 /TJ ] * 0.0156 [TJ/ )
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
methods and
procedures actually
applied :
Default IPCC values for wood / wood waste are applied
Any comment :
Data / Parameter :
Data unit :
Description : Non-CO2 emission factor arising from use of wood-fuel
Source of data used : 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Table
2.9 in Chapter 2 : Energy and Table 1.2 in Chapter 1
Value applied : 0.4554
( = 21 [TCO2e/ TCH4] * 1.224 [TCH4 /TJ] * 0.0156 [TJ/ +
310 [TCO2e/ TN2O] * 0.01125 [TN2O /TJ] * 0.0156 [TJ/ )
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
methods and
procedures actually
applied :
Default IPCC values for CH4 and N20 emissions for wood / wood waste
are applied
The following GWP100 are applied : 21 for CH4, 310 for N20
Any comment : Both defaults are within a range and the mean of the range is taken as the default.
Technical references are from studies in developing country contexts and are more upto-
date than other default values.
Data / Parameter : Py
Data unit :
Description : Biomass savings generated by a project technology unit in year y
Source of data used : Kitchen Performance Test
Value applied : Urban Cluster : 1,58
Rural Cluster : 1,74
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
methods and
procedures actually
applied :
Any comment :
Data / Parameter : Ny
Data unit : Number
Description : Cumulative number of ICS in use included in the project database for project scenario
p against baseline scenario b in year y
Source of data used : 2014 and estimated sales figures
Value applied : Depends on the year
Justification of the
choice of data or
description of
methods and
procedures actually
applied :
Continuously updated
Any comment :
B.6.3 Ex-ante calculation of emission reductions :
Where :
Emissions reduction in the rural cluster in year y [
Emissions reduction in the urban cluster in year y [
Leakage in year y [
As biomass is the fuel used in baseline and project scenario and for both clusters,
Where :
 : Cumulative number of project technology included in the project database in year y [units]
 : Biomass savings generated by a project technology unit in year y, as derived from the statistical
analysis of the data collected from the kitchen performance tests [
Cumulative usage rate for technologies in project scenario p in year y, based on drop off rate
revealed by usage surveys [fraction]
 : Fraction of biomass that can be established as non—renewable biomass [fraction]
 : CO2 emission factor of woof fuel [
 : CO2 emission factor of woof fuel [
Replacing the variables in the formulas above by the values listed in section B.6.2., greenhouse gas
emissions reductions for a single stove are estimated at :
For rural cluster :
For urban cluster :
NB : 2014 sales figures are real, whereas from 2014 to 2023 sales figures are projected.
Finally, we get a total of 99656 VER over the 10 years.
B.6.4 Summary of the ex-ante estimation of emission reductions :
Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Global
2014 3282 9592 1676 4476 0 1606 5116 6722
2015 4215 14003 2153 6534 0 2062 7468 9531
2016 4777 15872 2440 7407 0 2337 8465 10803
2017 4804 15961 2454 7448 0 2350 8513 10863
2018 4512 14989 2304 6995 0 2207 7995 10202
2019 4433 14727 2264 6872 0 2169 7855 10023
2020 4424 14699 2260 6859 0 2165 7840 10005
2021 4519 15012 2308 7005 0 2211 8007 10218
2022 4744 15762 2423 7355 0 2321 8406 10728
2023 4671 15519 2386 7242 0 2285 8277 10563
TOTAL 44381 146136 22667 68194 0 21714 77942 99656
Emissions (TCO2e/year)
Baseline Project Reductions
Sales projections per
Number of operational
Estimated Emissions Reductions
Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Total
2014 1400 280 1120 432 1520 1606 5116 6722
2015 1600 320 1280 555 2220 2062 7468 9531
2016 1230 246 984 629 2516 2337 8465 10803
2017 1300 260 1040 633 2530 2350 8513 10863
2018 1220 244 976 594 2376 2207 7995 10202
2019 1230 246 984 584 2334 2169 7855 10023
2020 1250 250 1000 583 2330 2165 7840 10005
2021 1300 260 1040 595 2380 2211 8007 10218
2022 1400 280 1120 625 2498 2321 8406 10728
2023 1250 250 1000 615 2460 2285 8277 10563
TOTAL 13180 2636 10544 5843 23164 21714 77942 99656
B.7 Application of a monitoring methodology and description of the monitoring plan as
per the existing or new methodology applied to the micro-scale project activity :
B.7.1 Data and parameters monitored :
QA/QC procedures
Any comment
Usage rate in project scenario p during year y
Annual usage survey/Monitoring survey
Transparent data analysis and reporting
A usage parameter is derived for each age group of
project cookstove being credited
Data/Parameter Up,y
Data Unit
Source of data
Monitoring frequency
Any comment
The total sales record is divided based on project
scenario to create the project database
Source of data Total sale records
Monitoring frequency Continuous
QA/QC procedures Transparent data analysis and reporting
Data/Parameter Np,y
Data Unit Number of project cookstove credited (units)
Cookstove in the project database for project
scenario p through year y
Any comment
Discount factor to account for efficiency loss of project
Default value : 0,99 i.e., 1% efficiency loss per year
Transparent data analysis and reporting
This default values can be used if stoves are found in good
condition during annual surveys. For each year, the stoves of
the age-group x-y should be physically verified. In the case of
progressive installations ,stoves of age-group 0-1 shall also be
physically verified each year through a random sampling
approach. Please follow the survey format B (Annex A) to
capture the required information. Minimum number of sample
size shall be selected following the guidelines provided in
section 4.2, option (b). During annual surveys, if it is found that
the project cookstoves are not in working conditions, the
proportionate population of project cookstoves should be
excluded from the project database, until these cookstoves are
replaced with new cookstoves. A site visit by an Objective
Observer with relevant technical background would be required
at the time of first internal verification and then subsequently
after every 2 years from the previous issuance. The Objective
Observer shall use the guidance provided in Annex B to carry
out field studies
Source of data
Monitoring frequency
QA/QC procedures
Data Unit
Any comment
The discount factor for baseline-stove use may be determined
based on number of meals cooked using the baseline stove. The
required information shall be captured through sample surveys
carried out following a random sampling approach for each agegroup
of the project stove. The minimum number of sample
sizes shall be selected following the guidelines provided in
section 4.2, option (b). Please refer to the survey format B
(Annex A) for sample questions to capture this information. The
impact of seasonal variation on use of baseline stove should be
considered as part of the monitoring survey.
Source of data Monitoring surveys
Monitoring frequency Annual
QA/QC procedures Transparent data analysis and reporting
Data/Parameter DFP,stove,y
Data Unit Fraction
Discount factor to account for the baseline stove use in project
scenario p during the year y
B.7.2 Description of the monitoring plan :
The monitoring plan follows the process required by “The Gold Standard Simplified Methodology for
Efficient Cookstoves”.
It is implemented by the local project manager, while the reporting will be done under the
supervision of BISS.
All data will be kept electronically for a period of 2 years after the end of the crediting period.
The monitoring plan includes :
1. The total sales record
This excel file is maintained continuously and contains the following data :
· Date of sale and of installation
· Geographic area of sale
· Model/type of project cookstoves sold
· Name, address and (if possible) telephone number of the end-user
Sales databases are cross checked with production records and other data to ensure consistency and
accuracy. This data is collected when the ICS is sold through a sale form (filled in by the retailer), and
are transmitted regularly to the project manager. All the sales cards are archived as a backup.
2. The project database
The project database is derived from the total sales record, but it is divided in two parts :
- rural users
- urban users
Also, ICS aged beyond their useful lifetime, as established in the usage survey, are removed from the
project database.
3. Ongoing monitoring studies
3.1. Monitoring and usage survey
Monitoring shall consist of checking of a representative sample, once every year (annually) to ensure
that project cookstoves are still operating by carrying out the usage survey as per the guidelines
below. A usage survey must be conducted to estimate the drop off rates as project cookstove may
not be adopted or may be disposed of and potentially replaced again by a baseline stove. Prior to the
verification, a usage survey for each cookstove age-group is required.
Where replacements are made, monitoring shall also ensure that the efficiency of the new cookstove
is similar to the appliances being replaced.
The project must also monitor the use of baseline stoves in the project activity.
The project must also monitor the physical conditions of the cookstoves.
Survey format B in Annex A of “The Gold Standard Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstoves”
will be used for carrying out monitoring surveys.
The project survey should be carried out using representative and random sampling using the
minimum sample size of 100 households among the targeted population (Kindia and Télimélé
Prefectures). The project survey will be led by a team of 4 APEK interviewers, who will be overseen
by 2 supervisors (the APEK area facilitator and BISS carbon volunteer) in May 2015. They will spend 5
days in each prefecture to visit households randomly chosen. As required by the methodology, the
data collected will be the following ones :
- End-user profile : name, gender, contact details, etc.
- End user’s fuel consumption pattern post project implementation : cooking device, place for
cooking, type of fuel used, etc.
3.2. Leakage assessment
Leakage related to non-renewable biomass saved by the project activity is not considered for microscale
project activities.
3.3. Non-renewable biomass assessment update
The project activity may choose to update the fraction of non-renewable biomass during the
crediting period.
4. Sustainability monitoring plan
To monitor the impacts of the project, various parameters (detailed in the Section F of the
Sustainable Development Validation Appraisal Report) will be measured every year.
The main indicators are the following ones :
1 – Quality of employment
2 – Livelihood of the poor
3 – Access to affordable and clean energy services
4 – Human and institutional capacity
5 – Quantitative employment and income generation
6 – Technology transfer and technological self-reliance
B.8 Date of completion of the application of the existing or new baseline and monitoring
methodology and name of the responsible person(s)/entity(ies)
Date of completion of the final draft of this baseline section : March 2015 (March 2012 for the
version 1)
Name of person/entity determining the baseline : Jeanne Metayer, BISS
SECTION C. Duration of the project activity / crediting period
C.1 Duration of the project activity :
C.1.1. Starting date of the project activity :
1/10/2013 (first stoves sales)
C.1.2. Expected operational lifetime of the project activity :
10 years
C.2 Choice of the crediting period and related information :
C.2.1. Renewable crediting period
C.2.1.1. Starting date of the first crediting period :
C.2.1.2. Length of the first crediting period :
C.2.2. Fixed crediting period :
C.2.2.1. Starting date :
Date of registration (first quarter of 2015)
C.2.2.2. Length :
10 years
SECTION D. Stakeholders’ comments
See Local Stakeholders Consultation Report for details.
D.1. Brief description how comments by local stakeholders have been invited and
compiled :
As required by the Gold Standard process, an initial Local Stakeholder Consultation took place on the
10th May 2010 in Kindia, Guinea. 97 persons participated to this event.
During this meeting, a presentation of the association and of the project was done. The stakeholders
were asked to participate to a blind sustainable development exercise and make all their comments.
After this meeting, a report was redacted, as required by the Gold Standard requirements, in which
the comments are compiled.
Overall, 2 regional forum per year are organized. The last regional forum gathering project
proponents, national and local authorities (national department of renewable energy, national
department of Water and Forests), production and sales stakeholders (women ambassadors,
craftsmen of the SMEs, ICS owners...) took place in Kindia in January 2015. The grievance mechanism
had been discussed and approved by all the participants during this event.
Moreover, a framework agreement with Télimélé municipality has been launched about the
professional craft training center in order to provide toolboxes to the apprentices.
Last but not least, local authorities in Kindia and Télimélé (Prefecture officers, mayors) had been
informed of the project development and Gold Standard procedure during interviews in March 2015.
D.2. Summary of the comments received :
The Local Stakeholder Consultation met a very approval by all participants, especially women. It
seems that everybody wants to go ahead as soon as possible with the project.
All the participants of each category have strongly encouraged the progress of the project.
Most of the participants’ concerns dealt with the project length and the ICS price : many of them
expressed their fear that the project might end before they get equipped with a “kolpot fotonkante”,
and that its price would be too high.
The initiators of the project will not provide the new ICS for free and will reduce the price as far as it
possible to make it accessible to everyone depending on carbon credit funding.
More generally, presentation and relevant clarifications given by the project team lead to global
satisfaction of participants.
Some of the project promotional materials will be translated into Susu for less literate populations in
order to facilitate their access to information. Nevertheless, effort will be emphasized on the
implementation of visual understandable materials accessible of everybody and especially for
Stakeholder comment
Comment taken
into account ?
Explanation (Why ? How ?)
Numerous concerns about the
program stability
We understand this concern, (as a lot of NGOs
projects do not last) and reassured them
about the long-term planning of the project
Various concerns about the price
of the efficient ICS (will it be
affordable for local population ?)
We are fully conscious of the importance of
this point ; ensuring at all times an affordable
price is already a priority of the project
Necessity to carry comparative
studies and to lead
demonstration exercises
Demonstration exercise already makes part of
the introduction phase (“atelier cuisson”), and
comparative studies (additional to those
previously lead) already are planned within
the GS process
General appreciation of the
participative aspect within the
This positive comments reinforce our will to
keep on this way of functioning
Suggestion to extend the project
farther away from Kindia
Prefecture as there is a strong
demand for this kind of ICSs in
Conakry for example
For the first phase of the project, we prefer to
implement the program within a limited
geographical area, mainly to be able to ensure
a continued monitoring of the ICSs use
Suggestion to enable the sale of
more than 1 ICS per household as
they usually count more than 1
From now on, we will authorize the sale of 2
ICS per household
D.3. Report on how due account was taken of any comments received and on measures
taken to address concerns raised :
The main alteration of the project design resulting from the stakeholder comments consisted in
authorizing the sale of 2 ICS per household instead of 1, as there is generally more than 1 housewife
per household (Guinea is a country where polygamy is common). This demand is also due to the fact
that women usually cook two meals at the same time : the rice and the sauce (typical dish eaten in
every meal).
D.4. Report on the Continuous input / grievance mechanism :
Discuss the Continuous input / grievance mechanism expression method and details, as
discussed with local stakeholders.
The grievance mechanism had been discussed and chosen by local stakeholders during the regional
forum held in Kindia from 27th to 29th January 2015. Almost 60 participants (project proponents,
national and local authorities, production and sales stakeholders) attended this conference.
Method Chosen (include all known
details e.g. location of book, phone,
number, identity of mediator)
Continuous Input /
Expression Process
3 books are available for local
stakeholders :
> first book is located in CAG44 office,
Quartier Féréfou, Kindia (contact :
+224 631 44 44 50)
> second book is located in APEKAgriculture
office, Kindia (contact :
+224 655 31 67 11)
> third book is located in the Ministry
of Energy and Hydraulic, Renewable
energy Department, Conakry (Alpha
Ibrahima Diallo : + 224 622 91 24 87 ;
Mamadou Samba Camara : +224 622
10 66 08)
These books are kept by 2 of the
project participants in Kindia, where
the project initially started in 2010.
These 2 places are well known by
local stakeholders. Besides, the
Ministry of Energy and Hydraulic is
located in Conakry (the capital city
of Guinea) where all administrative
institutions are present.
Telephone access Telephone numbers of APEK staff have
been communicated to all local
Telephone access is the most
relevant mean of communication in
stakeholders in Lower Guinea :
Faustin Guilavogui (project manager) :
+224 622 62 91 61
Ibrahima Sory Camara (Boké/Boffa
area) : + 224 657 91 31 47
Nancira Camara (Coyah/Forécariah
area) : + 224 669 31 48 66
Aminata Mamadou Diallo
(Kindia/Télimélé area) : + 224 620 84
58 42
Maférin Camara (Dubreka/Fria area) :
+ 224 622 53 13 88
Gassimou Keita (Conakry area) : +
224 622 12 67 68
Guinea since everybody owns a
mobile phone. APEK facilitators
work almost all the time on the field
and have been taught to deal with
this procedure.
2 contacts in CA Guinée 44 staff have
been communicated :
Kollet KEITA, project manager, CA
Guinée 44 : Kollet.keita@cooperationatlantique.
Selly KEITA, executive manager, CA
Guinée 44 : Selly.keita@cooperationatlantique.
Internet access is not easy and
common in Guinea. Nevertheless,
these contacts allow stakeholders to
address modifications or suggest
improvements to the main project
Not used
All issues identified during the crediting period through any of the Methods shall have a
mitigation measure in place that should be added to the monitoring plan.
D.5. Report on stakeholder consultation feedback round :
During the Stakeholder Feedback Round, the LSC report, draft PDD and draft Passport will be
published on the BISS and CAG44 websites as well as on the Gold Standard registry. Additionally, the
reports will be available as printed version at the offices of all the project partners : BISS, CAG44, and
All stakeholders, invited to the consultation meetings, including those who were unable to attend the
physical meeting (and especially the supporters NGOs), will be invited to take part in the feedback
round. They will be informed by email, phone, letters and verbal description about the Feedback
Round. They will be encouraged to give comments and suggestions on the Local Stakeholder
Consultation report.
In rural areas, facilitators will encourage stakeholders to comment on the project during their
presence in villages (users’ follow-up and public demonstrations).
The feedback round will last for 2 months as soon as the project achieves ‘listing’ status in the Gold
Standard Registry.
These documents will be shared prior to validation and any comments will be incorporated in the
final PDD and final Passport based on this feedback round.
Annex 1
Organization : Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil (BISS)
Street/P.O.Box : 8 rue Saint Domingue
Building : Le Solilab
City : Nantes
State/Region :
Postfix/ZIP : 44200
Country : France
Telephone : +33 (0)2 51 86 04 04
E-Mail : soleil@boliviainti.org
URL : www.boliviainti-sudsoleil.org
Represented by :
Title : Manager
Salutation : Mr
Last Name : Dulong
First Name : Vincent
Department :
Mobile :
Direct FAX :
Direct tel :
Personal E-Mail : Vincent.dulong@sud-soleil.org
Organization : Coopération Atlantique-Guinée 44
Street/P.O.Box : 8 rue Saint Domingue
Building : Le Solilab
City : Nantes
State/Region :
Postfix/ZIP : 44200
Country : France
Telephone : +33 (0)2 40 35 59 80
E-Mail : elsa.cardinal@cooperation-atlantique.org
URL : www.cooperation-atlantique.org
Represented by :
Title : Manager
Salutation : Mrs
Last Name : Cardinal
Middle Name :
First Name : Elsa
Department :
Mobile : +33 (0)6 30 88 30 30
Direct FAX :
Direct tel :
Personal E-Mail : elsa.cardinal@cooperation-atlantique.org
Organization : APEK-Agriculture (Association pour la promotion économique de
Street/P.O.Box :
Building :
City : Kindia
State/Region :
Postfix/ZIP : BP71
Country : Guinea
Telephone :
E-Mail : apek@apek-agriculture-kindia.org
URL : www.apek-agriculture-kindia.org
Represented by :
Title : Manager
Salutation : Mr
Last Name : Barry
Middle Name : Rouma
First Name : Amadou
Department :
Mobile :
Direct FAX :
Direct tel : +224 655 31 67 11
Personal E-Mail : roumabarry@yahoo.fr
Annex 2 - Information regarding Public Funding
Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil
18 Rue Gaëtan Rondeau,
44200 Nantes - FRANCE
Date : 07/09/2011
Project reference : GS880
To : Gold Standard Foundation
Declaration of Non-Use of Official Development Assistance by Project Owner
[Project Owner : Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil]
As Project Owner of the above-referenced project, acting on behalf of all project participants, I now make the following
representations :
[Authorised Representative : Patrick Fourrier]
I hereby declare that I am duly and fully authorized by the project owner of the above-referenced project, acting on behalf
of all project participants, to make the following representations on Project Proponent’s behalf :
I. Gold Standard Documentation
I am familiar with the provisions of Gold Standard Documentation relevant to Official Development Assistance (ODA). I
understand that the above-referenced project is not eligible for Gold Standard registration if the project receives or
benefits from Official Development Assistance under the condition that some or all credits coming out of the project are
transferred to the ODA donor country. I now expressly declare that no financing provided in connection with the abovereferenced
project has come from or will come from ODA that has been or will be provided under the condition, whether
express or implied, that any or all of the credits [CERs, ERUs or VERs] issued as a result of the project’s operation will be
transferred directly or indirectly to the country of origin of the ODA.
II. Duty to Notify Upon Discovery
If I learn or if I am given any reason to believe at any stage of project design or implementation that ODA has been used to
support the development or implementation of the project, or that an entity providing ODA to the host country may at
some point in the future benefit directly or indirectly from the credits generated from the project as a condition of
investment, I will make this known to the Gold Standard immediately.
III. Sanctions
I am fully aware that under Section 10 of the Gold Standard Terms and Conditions sanctions and damages may be incurred
for the provision of false information related to Projects and/or Gold Standard credits.
Signed :
Name : Patrick Fourrier
Title : Head of African Projects Office
On behalf of : Bolivia Inti Sud Soleil
Annex 3 : baseline survey and kitchen performance test questionnaires
Questionnaire n° Date Enquêteur superviseur
NOM, Prénom de personne
NOM, Prénom du chef du ménage
Contact et adresse postale
Collectivité locale
Profession/ activité
Niveau d’instruction
Ménage N°
Zone rurale Zone urbaine
2.1 Pour quelles tâches employez-vous le bois ou le charbon que vous utilisez ?
Préparer des
Stérilisation de l’eau
de table
Se chauffer
Chauffer de l’eau pour la
laver le linge
Préparer le fourrage du
Séchage pour la conservation
des graines
2.2 Pour combien de personne cuisinez-vous ?
Usage Tranche d’âge
Commercial Familial 1 – 18 18 – 35 35 – 60 60 et +
2.3 Quel combustible employez-vous pour cuisiner ?
Bois de chauffe
Charbon de bois
2.4 Avec quoi cuisiniez-vous il y a 5 ans ?
Bois de chauffe
Charbon de bois
2.5 Si vous utilisez du bois ou du charbon, qu’est-ce qui motive leur
utilisation ?
Prix abordable
Facilité d’approvisionnement
Fumée contre certains parasites
Autres :
2.6 Si vous utilisez un autre combustible qu’il y a 5 ans, qu’est ce
qui explique le passage d’un combustible ?
statut social
Autre :
2.6 Consommation journalière de combustibles utilisés pour la cuisine et le chauffage
Quels types de repas
cuisiné le +
couramment ?
Taille de la marmite
Type et nombre de foyers utilisés
Quantité de combustible utilisé
Eau chaude
Riz endormi
Riz gras
Tubercules cuits
NB 3P = 3 pierres ; FA = Foyer amélioré ; CP = Coolpot ; RG = Réchaud gaz ; RE = Réchaud électrique ; RP =
Réchaud pétrole (voir typologie des foyers en annexe)
BC = Bois de chauffe ; CB = Charbon de bois ; G = Gaz ; E = Electricité ; P = Pétrole
Types de bois
Mode d’accès
Lieux d’appro.
Distance avec
Fréquence Quantité
Temps de
Essences forestières
couramment Ramassé Acheté utilisées
Bois de chauffe
Charbon de bois
3.1 A qui/où achetez-vous votre bois de chauffe ?
Commerces et particuliers
Autre :
3.2 Combien payez-vous votre bois ?
3.3 Qui va chercher du bois le plus souvent ?
3.4 A qui appartiennent les terrains d’où vous rapportez votre bois, ou quel est leur régime de propriété ?
Terrains domaniaux
Autre :
3.5 Sur quel type de terrain allez-vous chercher votre bois ?
Terrain boisé
Terrain de végétation dense
Autre :
3.6 Par quel moyen transportez-vous le bois ?
A la main
Autre :
3.7 Avez-vous des difficultés à obtenir du bois ? Si oui, de quel ordre ?
Solutions envisagées :
N° Questionnaire N° CBE Date d’achat CBE Zone
□ Rurale □ Urbaine
Date enquête Enquêteur Superviseur
Nom utilisatrice Nom chef de ménage
Contact Activité utilisatrice
Collectivité Quartier Adresse
Utilisez-vous votre CBE ? □ Oui □ Non
Acceptez-vous de participer à l’enquête ? □ Oui □ Non
A quelle heure peut-on vous visiter ?
Quel combustible consommez-vous ? □ Bois □ Charbon
Combien de personnes comptent votre foyer ?
Quelle quantité de bois consommez-vous en 7
jours ?
Combien coûte cette quantité de bois ? FG
Jour Date Poids du stock (kg) Poids ajouté (kg) Poids du stock (kg) Poids ajouté (kg)
Jour Matin Midi Soir
Jour J1 J2 J3 J4 J5 J6 J7
- 14 ans
+ 15 ans
15-59 ans
+ 60 ans
1. Depuis combien de mois utilisez-vous votre CBE ?
2. Utilisez-vous votre CBE pour
préparer des produits que vous
vendez ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si oui, lesquels ?
3. Etes-vous
satisfaite de
votre CBE ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si non, pourquoi ?
4. Est-ce que le CBE vous
fait gagner du temps ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si oui, combien de temps ?
A quoi consacrez-vous ce temps ?
5. Est-ce que le CBE vous
fait économiser de
l’argent ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si oui, combien ?
A quoi consacrez-vous cet argent ?
6. Est-ce que vous vous trouvez en meilleure santé depuis que vous utilisez le
□ Oui
□ Non
7. Qu’est-ce vous préférez dans
l’utilisation du CBE ?
(classer de 1 à 5 ou 6 par ordre
de préférence)
□ Moins de temps passé à ramasser le bois
□ Discré_on □ Budget réduit pour le bois
□ Moins de fumées □ Plus d’hygiène □ Autre :
8. Quelles améliorations sur le CBE souhaiteriez-vous ?
9. Rencontrez-vous ces
problèmes avec le CBE ?
Oui Non Remarques/précisions
Grille gâtée
Plots enfoncés ou mal espacés
Problèmes avec le tuyau coudé
Autre : préciser
10. Problèmes généraux liés à l’utilisation d’un foyer : cocher oui ou non suivant l’existence ou non du
problème avec l’utilisation du CBE, et préciser si le CBE a rendu la situation meilleure (+), pire (-) ou
pareille qu’avant (=).
Type de problèmes Oui N
+ = - Remarques/précisions
Instabilité des marmites
Le feu noircit les marmites
Beaucoup de fumées
Le foyer met longtemps à
Difficultés à allumer le feu
Le feu s’éteint facilement
Difficultés à contrôler la
Difficultés à cuisiner
certains plats (les lister)
Le bois habituellement
utilisé ne rentre pas
11. Avez-vous des
difficultés à obtenir le
bois ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si oui, lesquelles ?
12. La consommation de
combustible varie-telle
suivant les
périodes de l’année ?
□ Oui □ Non
Si oui, quelle est la période où la consommation est la plus forte ?
Période où la consommation est la plus faible :
Différence entre les deux :
13. Comment vous approvisionnez-vous en combustible ? Remplir le tableau suivant :
Distance au lieu
d’approvisionnement (m)
Période entre 2
approvisionnements (jrs)
Prix (FG) Quantité (kg)
Bois acheté
Bois ramassé

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